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Hopkinson压杆技术在中国的发展回顾

胡时胜 王礼立 宋力 张磊

胡时胜, 王礼立, 宋力, 张磊. Hopkinson压杆技术在中国的发展回顾[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2014, 34(6): 641-657. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2014)06-0641-17
引用本文: 胡时胜, 王礼立, 宋力, 张磊. Hopkinson压杆技术在中国的发展回顾[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2014, 34(6): 641-657. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2014)06-0641-17
Hu Shi-sheng, Wang Li-li, Song Li, Zhang Lei. Review of the development of Hopkinson pressure bar technique in China[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2014, 34(6): 641-657. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2014)06-0641-17
Citation: Hu Shi-sheng, Wang Li-li, Song Li, Zhang Lei. Review of the development of Hopkinson pressure bar technique in China[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2014, 34(6): 641-657. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2014)06-0641-17

Hopkinson压杆技术在中国的发展回顾

doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2014)06-0641-17
详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡时胜(1945-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师

  • 中图分类号: O347.1

Review of the development of Hopkinson pressure bar technique in China

More Information
  • 摘要: 简要回顾了Hopkinson压杆实验技术在中国的发展历程及推广应用。系统介绍了关于金属、高聚物、复合材料、脆性材料、混凝土及软材料、泡沫材料等材料的SHPB实验技术研究,并对相关材料的实验结果进行简要讨论。
  • 图  1  J.Hopkinson的实验[1]

    Figure  1.  The experiment by J.Hopkinson[1]

    图  2  B.Hopkinson的实验[2]

    Figure  2.  The experiment by B.Hopkinson[2]

    图  3  原始的Kolsky杆

    Figure  3.  The original Kolsky bar

    图  4  常规的分离式Hopkinson压杆装置

    Figure  4.  The general split Hopkinson pressure bar apparatus

    图  5  5个单位给出的钛合金和紫铜的动态应力应变曲线

    Figure  5.  Compressive stress-strain curves for titanium alloy and pure copper by five units

    图  6  RTV630橡胶试件变形过程[26]

    Figure  6.  High-speed deformation of an RTV630 rubber[26]

    图  7  三向同步受压的围压装置[39]

    Figure  7.  The confining pressure device for synchronous compression in three directions[39]

    图  8  纯锆材料的绝热剪切破坏及剪切带[50]

    Figure  8.  Adiabatic shearing bands of pure zirconium[50]

    图  9  镁铝合金的剪切破坏现象[51]

    Figure  9.  Shearing failure of magnesium-aluminum alloy[51]

    图  10  测量混凝土层裂强度的实验方案[80]

    Figure  10.  Schematic experimental setup measuring spalling strength of concrete[80]

    图  11  冲击压剪实验装置示意图及试件界面受力分析[83]

    Figure  11.  Schematic apparatus of compression shear experiment and analysis on stress at the specimen's interface[83]

    图  12  冲击压剪实验装置示意图及试件界面受力分析[84]

    Figure  12.  Schematic apparatus of compression shear experiment and analysis on stress at the specimen's interface[84]

    图  13  改进的SHPB装置简图[24]

    Figure  13.  Schematic of the modified SHPB setup[24]

    图  14  在11 m/s的撞击速度下,C60-0素混凝土自由面反射的高速摄影结果[88]

    Figure  14.  High-speed photographies for C60-0 concrete specimen subjected to the striker velocity of 11 m/s[88]

    图  15  局部变形带发展过程[89]

    Figure  15.  Development process of localized deformation band[89]

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-09-10
  • 刊出日期:  2014-11-25

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