• ISSN 1001-1455  CN 51-1148/O3
  • EI、Scopus、CA、JST收录
  • 力学类中文核心期刊
  • 中国科技核心期刊、CSCD统计源期刊

桥梁结构抗爆安全评估研究进展

张宇 李国强 陈可鹏 陈艾荣

张宇, 李国强, 陈可鹏, 陈艾荣. 桥梁结构抗爆安全评估研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2016, 36(1): 135-144. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2016)01-0135-10
引用本文: 张宇, 李国强, 陈可鹏, 陈艾荣. 桥梁结构抗爆安全评估研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2016, 36(1): 135-144. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2016)01-0135-10
Zhang Yu, Li Guoqiang, Chen Kepeng, Chen Airong. Research advances of safety assessment of bridges under blast load[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2016, 36(1): 135-144. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2016)01-0135-10
Citation: Zhang Yu, Li Guoqiang, Chen Kepeng, Chen Airong. Research advances of safety assessment of bridges under blast load[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2016, 36(1): 135-144. doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2016)01-0135-10

桥梁结构抗爆安全评估研究进展

doi: 10.11883/1001-1455(2016)01-0135-10
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金青年基金项目 51508412

中国博士后基金项目 2014M551451

西安交通大学机械结构强度与振动国家重点实验室开放基金项目 SV2014-KF-17

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张宇(1983—),女,博士,讲师,zhangyu1983xinxin@163.com

  • 中图分类号: O383

Research advances of safety assessment of bridges under blast load

  • 摘要: 随着恐怖袭击和偶发爆炸事故造成的桥梁爆炸事故不断增多,桥梁结构抗爆安全问题越来越受到关注。本文中系统总结了桥梁结构抗爆安全评估的研究进展,分析桥墩、桥面、桥索和桥塔爆炸载荷作用下桥梁的理论简化方法和结构的动力响应,和桥梁的连续性、冗余性和鲁棒性对结构连续性倒塌的影响,通过对建筑和桥梁抗连续倒塌的研究现状及相关规范的归纳,明确了桥梁连续倒塌的特性及现行桥梁设计方法的缺陷。而后,就承载能力评估、耐久性评估和适用性评估等桥梁安全评估问题的研究进展进行了梳理,并对桥梁爆破拆除技术和近地下爆炸对桥梁产生的响应和破坏作用进行分析,并针对当前研究的现状,分别提出建议。
  • 图  1  桥墩爆炸下荷载确定方法[13]

    Figure  1.  Load determination methods for bridge pier under blast load[13]

    图  2  桥板下爆炸示意图[17]

    Figure  2.  Response of bridge under blast load[17]

    图  3  桥墩在爆炸与地震作用下破坏模式对比[21]

    Figure  3.  Contrast of pier damage models of pier under blast load and earthquake[21]

    图  4  不同动载下桥墩的弯矩图[13]

    Figure  4.  Diagram of pier bending moment under various dynamic loads[13]

    图  5  梁响应阶段[28]

    Figure  5.  Beam response stage[28]

    图  6  梁端至墩、台帽或盖梁边缘的最小距离

    Figure  6.  Minimum distance from beam end to pier, cap and coping edges

  • [1] 王利辉, 杜修力, 韩强, 等.桥梁抗震加固方法评述[J].工程抗震与加固改造, 2009, 31(6):79-83. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-8412.2009.06.018

    Wang Lihui, Du Xiuli, Han Qiang, et al. Review on seismic retrofit methods of bridges[J]. Earthquake Resistant Engineering and Retrofitting, 2009, 31(6):79-83. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-8412.2009.06.018
    [2] 孙建运, 李国强.建筑结构抗爆设计研究发展概述[J].四川建筑科学研究, 2007, 33(2):4-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-1933.2007.02.002

    Sun Jianyun, Li Guoqiang. Summarization on the design of architecture and structure engineering to resist blast load[J]. Sichuan Building Science, 2007, 33(2):4-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-1933.2007.02.002
    [3] 张宇, 李国强.建筑结构抗爆设计标准现状[J].爆破, 2014, 31(2):153-160. doi: 10.3963/j.issn.1001-487X.2014.02.034

    Zhang yu, Li Guoqiang. Status of blast-resistant structure standards[J]. Blasting, 2014, 31(2):153-160. doi: 10.3963/j.issn.1001-487X.2014.02.034
    [4] 王静妤, 王凤鸣, 张青天, 等.悬索桥抗爆分析的展望[J].结构工程师, 2014.30(4):204-209. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-0159.2014.04.033

    Wang Jingyu, Wang Fengming, Zhang Qingtian. Expectation of anti-explosion analysis of the suspension bridge[J]. Structural Engineers, 2014, 30(4):204-209. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-0159.2014.04.033
    [5] AASHTO LRFD Bridge design specification[S]. Washington D C: American Association of State Highway and Transportation officials, 2005.
    [6] Design manual for roads and bridges: Loads for highway bridges: BD 37/01[S]. BS: The Highways Agency, 2001.
    [7] 中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部.CJJ11-2011[S].北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2011.
    [8] 中华人民共和国交通部.公路桥涵地基与基础设计规范: JTG-D63-2007[S].北京: 人民交通出版社, 2007.
    [9] 中华人民共和国交通部.公路桥涵施工技术规范: JTG-TF50-2011[S].北京: 人民交通出版社, 2011.
    [10] 中华人民共和国交通部.公路桥涵抗震设计细则: JTGTB02-01-2008[S].北京: 人民交通出版社, 2008.
    [11] 中华人民共和国交通部.公路砖石及混凝土桥涵设计规范: JTJ022-8[S].北京: 电子工业出版社, 1985.
    [12] 中华人民共和国交通部.公路桥涵设计通用规范: JTG D60-2004[S].北京: 人民交通出版社, 2004.
    [13] Williamson E B. Blast-resistant highway bridges: Design and detailing guidelines[R]. National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 645, 2010.
    [14] Islam A. Performance of AASHTO girder bridges under blast loading[D]. USA: Florida State University, 2005.
    [15] Rutner M, Astaneh-Asl A, Son J. Protection of bridge piers against blast[C]//Proceedings of the 6th Japanese-German Bridge Symposium, 2005.
    [16] Agrawal A K. Blast Load Effects on Highway Bridges[R]. University Transportation Research Center, the City College of New York, 2009.
    [17] Winget D G, Marchand K A, Williamson E B. Analysis of blast loads on substructures[C]//Proceedings of Structures under Shock and Impact. Greece, 2004.
    [18] Mander J B, Seismic design of bridge piers[D]. University of Canterbury, 1983.
    [19] ACI Committee 318. Building code requirements for structural concrete: ACI 318-05 and commentary[S]. Farmington Hills: MI 48331, 2005.
    [20] Sezen H, Moehle J. Seismic tests of concrete columns with light reinforcement[C]//The 6th Japanese German Bridge Symposium, Germany, 2006.
    [21] Suthar K N. The effect of dead load, live and blast loads on a suspension bridge[D]. Maryland: University of Maryland, 2007. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=112ce2f1e4527a888b0f1f238efc8db6&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [22] Bruneau M, Fujikura S, Diego L G. Blast resistant bridge piers[J]. Structural Design, 2007(3):342-365. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/NSTLQK/NSTL_QKJJ0226743795/
    [23] Symonds P S. Elastic, Finite deflection and strain rate effects in a mode approximation technique for plastic deformation of pulse-loaded structures[J]. Mechanical Engineering, 1980, 22(4):189-197. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=f24449d3712dacf1733f0fbba1478401&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [24] Yankelevsky D Z. Elasto-plastic blast response of rectangular plates[J]. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 1985, 3(2):107-109. doi: 10.1016/0734-743X(85)90029-6
    [25] Ross T J. Direct shear failure in reinforced concrete beams under impulsive loading[D]. California: Stanford University, 1983.
    [26] Krauthammer T, Assadi L A, Shanaa H M. Analysis of impulsively loaded reinforced concrete structural elements[J]. Computer Structure, 1993, 48(5):851-860. doi: 10.1016/0045-7949(93)90507-A
    [27] Low H Y, Hao H. Reliability analysis of direct shear and flexural failure modes of RC slabs under explosive loading[J]. Engineering Structure, 2002, 24(2):189-198. doi: 10.1016/S0141-0296(01)00087-6
    [28] Shope R L. Response of wide flange steel columns subjected to constant axial load and lateral blast load[D]. Virginia: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2006.
    [29] Bigs J M. Introduction to structure dynamics[M]. US: McGraw-Hill Incorporated, 1964.
    [30] 倪振华.振动力学[M].西安:西安交通大学出版社, 1994.
    [31] 李国豪.桥梁结构稳定与振动[M].北京:中国铁道出版社, 1992.
    [32] 朱慈勉, 张伟平.结构力学[M].北京:高等教育出版社, 2009.
    [33] 陈惠发.弹性与塑性力学[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2004.
    [34] Sonl J, Astaneh-Asl A. Blast resistance of steel orthotropic bridge decks[J]. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 2012, 17(4):589-598. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0000283
    [35] Edmond K C, Tang, Hao H. Numerical simulation of a cable-stayed bridge response to blast loads, Part Ⅰ: Model development and response calculations[J]. Engineering Structures, 2010, 32(10):3180-3192. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.06.007
    [36] Hao H, Edmond K C, Tang. Numerical simulation of a cable-stayed bridge response to blast loads, Part Ⅱ: Damage prediction and FRP strengthening[J]. Engineering Structures, 2010, 32(10):3193-3205. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.06.006
    [37] 蒋志刚, 白志海, 严波, 等.钢箱梁桥面板爆炸冲击响应数值模拟研究[J].振动与冲击, 2012, 31(5):134-154. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zdycj201205016

    Jiang Zhigang, Bai Zhihai, Yan Bo, et al. Numerical simulation for response of a steel box girder deck to blast loading[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2012, 31(5):134-154. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zdycj201205016
    [38] Shi Y C, Hao H, Li Z X. Numerical derivation of pressure-impulse diagrams for prediction of RC column damage to blast loads[J]. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2007, 35(11):121-127.
    [39] 刘山洪, 魏建东, 钱永久.桥梁结构爆炸分析特点综述[J].重庆交通学院学报, 2005, 24(3):16-19. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-0696.2005.03.005

    Liu Shanhong, Wei Jiandong, Qian Yongjiu. State of the art of research and analysis of structure and bridge under blast loads[J]. Journal of Chongqing Jiaotong University, 2005, 24(3):16-19. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-0696.2005.03.005
    [40] Tuler F R, Butcher B M. A criterion for the time dependence of dynamic fracture[J]. International Journal of Fracture, 1968, 4(4):431-437. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=7343c688896012fd14319e38cc986072&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [41] 曹结东.含损伤热粘塑性本构数值算法和铝锂合金动态响应研究[D].合肥: 中国科学技术大学, 2006. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10358-2006102948.htm
    [42] 蒋东, 李永池, 郭扬.Tuler-Butcher模型中考虑已有损伤影响的一种修正[J].高压物理学报, 2009, 23(4):271-276. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5773.2009.04.006

    Jiang Dong, Li Yongchi, Guo Yang. Modification of Tuler-Butcher model with damage influence[J]. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 2009, 23(4):271-276. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5773.2009.04.006
    [43] 伍建强.大跨连续刚构桥抗导弹冲击能力分析及抢修技术初步研究[D].成都: 西南交通大学, 2006. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10613-2006090557.htm
    [44] 邓荣兵, 金先龙, 陈向东, 等.爆炸冲击波作用下桥梁损伤效应的数值仿真[J].上海交通大学学报, 2008, 42(11):1927-1930. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-2467.2008.11.039

    Deng Rongbing, Jin Xianlong, Chen Xiangdong, et al. Numerical simulation for the damage effect of bridge subjected to blast wave[J]. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University, 2008, 42(11):1927-1930. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-2467.2008.11.039
    [45] 张开金.爆炸荷载作用下混凝土桥梁的损伤特性[D].西安: 长安大学, 2009. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-11941-2009210770.htm
    [46] 朱劲松, 邢扬.爆炸荷载作用下城市桥梁动态响应及损伤过程分析[J].天津大学学报:自然科学版, 2015, 48(6):510-519. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=tianjdxxb201506006

    Zhu Jinsong, Xing Yang. Dynamic response and damage process analysis of urban bridge subjected to blast load[J]. Journal of Tianjin University: Science and Technology, 2015, 48(6):510-519. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=tianjdxxb201506006
    [47] 孔艺达.梁式桥防落梁最小搭接长度初步研究[D].重庆: 重庆交通大学, 2010. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10618-2010160794.htm
    [48] California Department of Transportation. Seismic design criteria[S]. Version 1.7, California, 2013.
    [49] California Department of Transportation. Seismic design references[S]. California, 1990.
    [50] 日本道路协会.道路桥示方书同解说[S]. V耐震设计编, 1996.

    Japanese highway society. Bridge criteria[S]. Japanese highway society, 1996.
    [51] 中华人民共和国交通部.公路桥梁抗震设计细则: JTGTB02-01-200[S].北京: 人民交通出版社, 2008.
    [52] 朱文正.公路桥梁减、抗震防落梁系统研究[D].西安: 长安大学, 2004. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-11941-2004133018.htm
    [53] Saiidi M, Randall M, Maragakis E, et al. Seismic restrainers design methods for simply supported bridges[J]. Bridge Engineering, 2001, 6(5):307-315. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0702(2001)6:5(307)
    [54] Trochalakis P, Eberhard M O, Stanton J F. Design of seismic restrainers for in-span hinges[J]. Journal of Structural Engineering, 1997, 123(04):156-167. doi: 10.1061-(ASCE)0733-9445(1997)123-4(469)/
    [55] Yang Y S, Priestley M J N, Ricles J M. Longitudinal seismic response of bridge frames connected by restrainers[R]. Structural Systems Research Project Report, SS-RP-94/09. San Diego: University of California, 1994.
    [56] Wang W, Liu R C, Wu B. Analysis of a bridge collapsed by an accidental blast loads[J]. Engineering Failure Analysis, 2014, 36(1):353-361. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=064f9fc2a2f20581279eb6ff0b84845e
    [57] 王赟, 蒋志刚, 严波.爆炸冲击波荷载作用下悬索桥的竖弯振动[J].公路, 2011, 3(3):1-4. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gl201103001

    Wang Yun, Jiang Zhigang, Yan bo. Vertical bending vibration of suspension bridge under air explosion loading[J]. Highway, 2011, 3(3):1-4. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gl201103001
    [58] 蒋志刚, 王赟, 严波, 等.爆炸荷载作用下悬索桥竖弯响应的数值模拟[J].振动与冲击, 2012, 2(31):23-45. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zdycj201202025

    Jiang Zhigang, Wang Yun, Yan Bo, et al. Numerical simulation for vertical bending response of a suspension bridge under air explosion loading[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2012, 2(31):23-45. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zdycj201202025
    [59] Starossek U. Progressive collapse study of a multi-span bridge[J]. Structural Engineering International, 1999, 9(2):121-125. doi: 10.2749/101686699780621127
    [60] Starossek U. Progressive collapse of bridges-aspects of analysis and design[C]//Proceedings of the International Symposium on Sea-Crossing Long-Span Bridges. Mokpo, Korea, 2006: 15-17.
    [61] 成丕富.桥梁结构连续倒塌研究[D].长沙: 中南大学, 2012. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10533-1012477809.htm
    [62] Michelle B. Generalized assessment of bridge vulnerability to terrorist threats: a probabilistic structural analysis based approach[D]. Newark: University of Delaware, 2006.
    [63] Al-Wazeer A R. Risk-based bridge maintenance strategies[D]. Maryland: University of Maryland, College Park, 2007.
    [64] 龙源, 亓秀泉, 徐全军, 等.控制爆破在江都大桥拆除中的应用[J].工程爆破, 2007, 4(13):66-68. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gcbp200704017

    Long Yuan, Qi Xiuquan, Xu Quanjun, et al. Application of controlled blasting in demolishing Jiang-Du bridge[J]. Engineering Blasting, 2007, 4(13):66-68. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gcbp200704017
    [65] 纪冲, 龙源, 金广谦, 等.隧道结构在桥梁爆破拆除塌落冲击作用下动力响应的数值模拟分析[C]//中国爆破新技术Ⅲ, 2012: 43-51. http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-AGLU201206002010.htm
    [66] 杨国梁, 杨军, 育尤军.桥梁爆破拆除的有限元法模拟研究[C]//第八届全国爆炸力学学术会议论文集.井岗山, 2007: 365-370. http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-AGLU200709001084.htm
    [67] 赵曙光.桥梁结构遭受地下隧道内爆炸冲击作用下的动力响应研究[D].天津: 天津大学, 2009. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10056-2010090677.htm
  • 加载中
图(6)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  7014
  • HTML全文浏览量:  3043
  • PDF下载量:  696
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-01-02
  • 修回日期:  2014-03-10
  • 刊出日期:  2016-01-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回