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气相爆轰波起爆与传播机理研究进展

韩文虎 张博 王成

韩文虎, 张博, 王成. 气相爆轰波起爆与传播机理研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2021, 41(12): 121402. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2021-0398
引用本文: 韩文虎, 张博, 王成. 气相爆轰波起爆与传播机理研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2021, 41(12): 121402. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2021-0398
HAN Wenhu, ZHANG Bo, WANG Cheng. Progress in studying mechanisms of initiation and propagation for gaseous detonations[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2021, 41(12): 121402. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2021-0398
Citation: HAN Wenhu, ZHANG Bo, WANG Cheng. Progress in studying mechanisms of initiation and propagation for gaseous detonations[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2021, 41(12): 121402. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2021-0398

气相爆轰波起爆与传播机理研究进展

doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2021-0398
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(11972090)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    韩文虎(1982- ),男,博士,副研究员,hanwenhu@bit.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    王 成(1972- ),男,博士,教授,wangcheng@bit.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O381

Progress in studying mechanisms of initiation and propagation for gaseous detonations

  • 摘要: 对近年来气相爆轰起爆及传播在数值模拟和实验方面的研究工作进行了综述,结合作者近几年在这一领域开展的工作,评述了目前的研究热点和难点,简要指出了未来的研究方向。着重介绍了黏性扩散、详细化学反应机理、爆轰胞格不稳定性在爆轰起爆和传播理论和计算研究中的作用,以及爆轰波传播过程中实验技术和理论预测模型的进展。
  • 图  1  自发起爆过程中压力和温度分布[30]

    Figure  1.  Pressure and temperature profile in spontaneous initiation[30]

    图  2  自发波速度与传播距离的关系

    Figure  2.  Speed of spontaneous wave as a function of distance

    图  3  反应波速度与传播距离的关系

    Figure  3.  Speed of reaction wave as function of distance

    图  4  宏观通道中爆燃到爆轰的转变和胞格爆轰

    Figure  4.  Transition from deflagration to detonation and cellular detonation in macro-scale cannel

    图  5  边界层火焰结构与局部爆炸的形成

    Figure  5.  Flame structures of boundary layer and formation of local explosion

    图  6  当量甲烷-空气混合气体的诱导时间与温度的关系[27]

    Figure  6.  Induction time vs. temperature for stoichiometric methane-air mixture[27]

    图  7  层流火焰速度与压力函数关系[27]

    Figure  7.  Laminar flame speed as a function of pressure[27]

    图  8  爆轰形成过程中温度、压力波演化[27]

    Figure  8.  Temperature and pressure profiles in initiation process[27]

    图  9  温度、压力波演化[27]

    Figure  9.  Temperature and pressure frofiles in initiation process[27]

    图  10  温度、压力波演化[27]

    Figure  10.  Temperature and pressure frofiles in initiation process[27]

    图  11  温度、压力波演化: DRM-19机理[27]

    Figure  11.  Temperature and pressure frofiles in initiationprocess: DRM-19 mechanism[27]

    图  12(a)  胞状柱爆轰的最大压力历程[114]

    Figure  12(a).  Maximum pressure history of cellular cylindrical detonation [114]

    12(b)  圆柱形爆轰平均速度[114]

    12(b).  Average velocity of cylindrical detonation[114]

    图  13  圆柱爆轰的最大压力历程[114]

    Figure  13.  Maximun pressure history of cylindrical detonation[114]

    图  14  圆柱形爆轰的平均速度[114]

    Figure  14.  Average velocity of cylindrical detonation[114]

    图  15  胞状圆柱爆轰的锋面结构[114]

    Figure  15.  Frontal structure of celluar cylindrical detonation[114]

    图  16  欧拉和NS方程求得的爆轰平均速度[114]

    Figure  16.  Average velocity of detonation obtained by Euler and NS equations[114]

    图  17  自由空间和约束空间中爆轰平均速度[114]

    Figure  17.  Average velocity of detonation in free and confined spaces[114]

    图  18  不同氩稀释度的最大压力随距离的变化趋势

    Figure  18.  Maximum pressure history of detonation for different Ar dilutions

    图  19  壁面上的最大压力历程和主螺旋轨迹(爆轰波沿着$ x $正向传播)

    Figure  19.  Maximum pressure history and main spinning track of detonation (detonation wave propagates along x direction)

    图  20  壁面上最大压力历程

    Figure  20.  Maximum pressure history on walls

    图  21  不同时刻的爆轰阵面结构

    Figure  21.  Detonation frontal structures at different times

    图  22  不同时刻的阵面结构演化

    Figure  22.  Detonation frontal structures at different times

    图  23  不同时刻的阵面结构

    Figure  23.  Detonation frontal structures at different times

    图  24  2H2-O2-80%Ar的爆轰胞格(p0=20 kPa)

    Figure  24.  Detonation cell for 2H2-O2-80%Ar mixture (p0=20 kPa)

    图  25  2H2-O2-80%Ar的爆轰结构[150]

    Figure  25.  Detonation cellular structure in 2H2-O2-85%Ar mixture[150]

    图  26  2H2-O2-85%Ar爆轰胞格[151]p0=20 kPa)

    Figure  26.  Detonation cells in 2H2-O2-85%Ar mixture[151] (p0=20 kPa)

    图  27  2H2-O2-85%Ar爆轰结构[150]

    Figure  27.  Detonation cellular structure in 2H2-O2-85%Ar mixture[150]

    图  28  2H2-O2-72%N2混合气体[151]

    Figure  28.  Detonation cellular structure in 2H2-O2-72%N2 mixture[151]

    图  29  H2-N2O-60%N2混合气体[151]

    Figure  29.  Detonation cellular structure in H2-N2O-60%N2 mixture[151]

    图  30  不同初始压力下CH4-2O2的胞格结构[156]

    Figure  30.  Detonation cell size of CH4-2O2 mixture under different initial pressures[156]

    图  31  爆轰波接近极限状态的多种传播模式

    Figure  31.  Typical propagation modes near the detonation limits

    图  32  爆轰极限Fay模型与改进模型的对比

    Figure  32.  Theoretical prediction models (Fay model and modified model)

    表  1  CH4-2O2爆轰极限预测模型中的参数

    Table  1.   Parameters of prediction model for CH4-2O2

    p0/kPaΔI/cmΔR/cmαx/mmμe/(Pa·s)ρ/(kg·m3γδ*ξν(DCJū)/(m·s−1ū/DCJ
    50.49420.08395.8920.08506.02×10−50.05951.1781.64×10−30.183 00.070 90.094650.905
    100.22270.04025.5350.03836.09×10−50.11911.1777.57×10−40.084 10.035 60.048360.952
    200.10130.02625.2110.01746.16×10−50.23811.1763.51×10−40.039 00.017 20.023600.976
    400.04640.00954.8820.00806.24×10−50.47621.1751.63×10−40.018 20.082 00.011270.989
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-22
  • 修回日期:  2021-12-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-14
  • 刊出日期:  2021-12-05

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