冲击载荷下蓄液结构动响应及防护机理的研究进展

赵著杰 侯海量 吴晓伟 李永清 李典 姜安邦

赵著杰, 侯海量, 吴晓伟, 李永清, 李典, 姜安邦. 冲击载荷下蓄液结构动响应及防护机理的研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2024, 44(5): 051101. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0328
引用本文: 赵著杰, 侯海量, 吴晓伟, 李永清, 李典, 姜安邦. 冲击载荷下蓄液结构动响应及防护机理的研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2024, 44(5): 051101. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0328
ZHAO Zhujie, HOU Hailiang, WU Xiaowei, LI Yongqing, LI Dian, JIANG Anbang. A review of the dynamic response and protection mechanism of liquid filled structures under impact loads[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2024, 44(5): 051101. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0328
Citation: ZHAO Zhujie, HOU Hailiang, WU Xiaowei, LI Yongqing, LI Dian, JIANG Anbang. A review of the dynamic response and protection mechanism of liquid filled structures under impact loads[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2024, 44(5): 051101. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0328

冲击载荷下蓄液结构动响应及防护机理的研究进展

doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0328
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51979277,52371342,52101378)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵著杰(1997- ),男,博士研究生,zhaozhujie@163.com

    通讯作者:

    李 典(1990- ),男,博士,讲师,lidian916@163.com

  • 中图分类号: O342

A review of the dynamic response and protection mechanism of liquid filled structures under impact loads

  • 摘要: 工程实际中,飞机油箱、船舶液舱、油液储罐等各类蓄液结构可能面临炸药爆炸冲击波、弹丸侵彻等冲击载荷的威胁。在冲击载荷作用下,蓄液结构的动响应受载荷特性、结构形式、充液方式等多种因素影响,相应的结构防护机理涉及多相介质的流固耦合、波在不同介质中的传播、液体介质的空化、结构动态力学特性等多个科学问题。针对冲击载荷下蓄液结构的动响应及防护机理,总结了工程领域中典型的蓄液结构形式,分析了各类蓄液结构在爆炸冲击波、弹体侵彻及其联合作用等载荷下的结构动响应过程、结构破坏模式、载荷耗散过程、能量转化与吸收过程,总结了蓄液结构的冲击动响应特性,归纳了蓄液结构对各类冲击载荷的防护机理,从结构构型、结构动响应、理论研究方法、抗冲击防护技术等方面对蓄液结构抗冲击防护研究进行了展望。
  • 图  1  冲击载荷下的各类蓄液结构

    Figure  1.  Various types of liquid filled structures under impact loads

    图  2  蓄液结构的分类

    Figure  2.  Classification of liquid filled structures

    图  3  柔性蓄液结构

    Figure  3.  Flexible liquid filled structures

    图  4  刚性蓄液结构

    Figure  4.  Rigid liquid filled structures

    图  5  爆炸冲击波载荷作用下蓄液结构的动响应特性

    Figure  5.  Dynamic response characteristics of liquid filled structures under blast shock wave

    图  6  针对Taylor理论的完善与改进[92]

    Figure  6.  Refinements and improvements for Taylor’s theory[92]

    图  7  弹体侵彻载荷作用下蓄液结构的动响应特性

    Figure  7.  Dynamic response characteristics of liquid filled structure under penetration

    图  8  典型的水锤效应时程曲线[105]

    Figure  8.  Typical time course of hydrodynamic ram loads[105]

    图  9  初始激波在封闭结构内部的反射过程[107]

    Figure  9.  Reflection process of the initial shock wave in the interior of a closed structure[107]

    图  10  弹体侵彻下蓄液结构面板的变形和破坏形貌[32]

    Figure  10.  Deformation and failure morphology of liquid filled structure panel under projectile penetration[32]

    图  11  联合载荷作用下蓄液结构的动响应特性

    Figure  11.  Dynamic response characteristics of the liquid filled structures under the combined loads

    图  12  多破片串联式[138]与并联式[139]侵彻入水

    Figure  12.  Tandem water-entry[138] and parallel water-entry[139] of fragments

    图  13  联合载荷作用下蓄液结构近爆面[145]与远爆面[147]的变形破坏模式

    Figure  13.  Deformation and damage modes of the front[145] and rear[147] panels of liquid filled structure under the combined loads

    图  14  蓄液结构抗冲击防护机理

    Figure  14.  Mechanisms of anti-impact protection for liquid filled structures

    图  15  液体介质对爆炸冲击波载荷的屏蔽作用[161]

    Figure  15.  Shielding of explosive shock wave loads by liquid media[161]

    图  16  通过蓄液改变单胞[50]和多胞结构[72]的变形与吸能模式

    Figure  16.  Modifying the deformation and energy absorption modes of single-cell[50] and multi-cell structures[72] by liquid filling

    图  17  利用液体介质的运动[172]、破碎与汽化过程[176]转化载荷能量

    Figure  17.  Conversion of load energy through the process of motion[172], breakup and vaporization[176] of liquid media

    图  18  通过调整蓄液方式定制化设计结构吸能模式[180]

    Figure  18.  Customized design of energy absorption modes by adjusting the liquid filling method[180]

    图  19  使用陶瓷体[192]和液体介质[194]衰减与耗散弹体冲击动能

    Figure  19.  Attenuation and dissipation of projectile impact kinetic energy by ceramics[192] and liquid media[194]

    图  20  通过提高液体流速提升蓄液结构的抗侵彻能力[196]

    Figure  20.  Enhancement of the resistance of liquid filled structure to penetration by increasing the fluid flow rate[196]

    图  21  通过设置阵列刚性体[198] 和蜂窝结构[200]削弱水锤载荷

    Figure  21.  Weakening hydrodynamic ram loads by built-in arrayed rigid bodies[198] and honeycomb structure[200]

    图  22  通过预制自由液面[201]及设计内凹结构构型[30]削弱水锤载荷

    Figure  22.  Weakening hydrodynamic ram loads by presetting free surface[201] and using concave configuration[30]

    图  23  在蓄液结构内部预留气泡用以抵御破片群载荷[207]

    Figure  23.  Defense fragment cluster loads by reserving air bubbles inside the reservoir structure[207]

    图  24  采用柔性蓄液结构抵御联合载荷[40]

    Figure  24.  Defense the combined loads by flexible liquid filled structure[40]

    表  1  Taylor模型与改进模型的比较

    Table  1.   Comparison between Taylor’s model and the improved model

    模型类型 Taylor模型 针对滞后流的改进模型
    流体速度 $ \dfrac{{{p_{\text{k}}}}}{{{\rho _{\text{w}}}{c_{\text{w}}}}} $ $ \dfrac{p_{\text{k}}}{\rho_{\text{w}}c_{\text{w}}}+\dfrac{1}{\rho_{\text{w}}R}\displaystyle\int_0^tp_{\text{k}}\mathrm{d}t $
    连续条件 vp = vivr vp = vivr = vt
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-09-14
  • 修回日期:  2024-02-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-11
  • 刊出日期:  2024-05-08

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