富氢甲烷的爆燃特性与爆炸抑制研究进展

蔡冲冲 苏洋 王燕

蔡冲冲, 苏洋, 王燕. 富氢甲烷的爆燃特性与爆炸抑制研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0330
引用本文: 蔡冲冲, 苏洋, 王燕. 富氢甲烷的爆燃特性与爆炸抑制研究进展[J]. 爆炸与冲击. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0330
CAI Chongchong, SU Yang, WANG Yan. Research progress on the deflagration characteristics and explosion suppression of hydrogen-rich methane[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0330
Citation: CAI Chongchong, SU Yang, WANG Yan. Research progress on the deflagration characteristics and explosion suppression of hydrogen-rich methane[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0330

富氢甲烷的爆燃特性与爆炸抑制研究进展

doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0330
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划“重大自然灾害防控与公共安全”重点专项(2022YFC3080700);河南省优秀青年科学基金(212300410042)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    蔡冲冲(1997- ),男,硕士,ccc@home.hpu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    苏 洋(1992- ),男,博士,讲师,su_yang@hpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O389

Research progress on the deflagration characteristics and explosion suppression of hydrogen-rich methane

  • 摘要: 氢能是未来国家能源体系的重要组成部分,将氢气与天然气混合形成富氢燃料,可为能源结构向可再生和绿色能源转型提供支持,但也带来了更严峻的安全挑战。为系统了解富氢甲烷燃料的应用现状及富氢甲烷燃料的安全利用,通过文献调研,从爆燃火焰特性、爆炸特征参数、爆燃机理以及抑爆材料等方面对富氢甲烷爆燃特性与抑爆研究进行综述和讨论,并分析总结近年来的研究方向。发现随着氢气添加比的增加,火焰固有不稳定性、火焰传播速度和爆炸强度等参数存在不同程度的增强,抑爆材料的抑制效果不断减弱;目前针对多元因素耦合的富氢甲烷爆炸特性研究不足,抑爆剂协同抑爆机理尚未揭示清晰。基于此,对富氢甲烷燃料亟待解决的方向和今后研究重点进行展望,为富氢天然气产业规模化发展的安全问题提供理论依据。
  • 图  1  定压法和定容法示意图[7]

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of constant pressure method and constant volume method[7]

    图  2  不同压力、当量比和氢气添加比的有效刘易斯数[12]

    Figure  2.  Effective Lewis number under different pressures, equivalence ratios, and hydrogen addition ratios[12]

    图  3  氢气和甲烷在不同压力下的临界佩克莱数和马克斯坦长度的变化[12]

    Figure  3.  Changes in critical Péclet number and Maxtan length of hydrogen and methane under different pressures[12]

    图  4  不同压力下富氢甲烷细胞火焰的形态[23]

    Figure  4.  Morphologies of hydrogen-rich methane cell flames under different pressures[23]

    图  5  第4阶段后的扭曲郁金香火焰阶段[33]

    Figure  5.  Twisted tulip flame stages after the fourth stage[33]

    图  6  不同长宽比与不同氢气添加比下郁金香火焰形成后火焰形态的变化[29]

    Figure  6.  Flame shape changes after tulip flame formation with different aspect ratios and hydrogen addition ratios[29]

    图  7  不同氢气添加比下最小点火能与熄灭距离的关系[41]

    Figure  7.  Relationships between minimum ignition energy and extinction distance under different hydrogen addition ratios[41]

    图  8  不同当量比和氢气添加比的富氢甲烷爆炸极限[44]

    Figure  8.  Flammability limit of hydrogen rich methane with different equivalence ratios and hydrogen addition ratios[44]

    图  9  不同氢气添加比富氢甲烷的爆炸压力与热损失[53]

    Figure  9.  Explosion pressure and heat loss of hydrogen rich methane with different hydrogen addition ratios[53]

    图  10  不同氢气添加比富氢甲烷爆炸超压的绝热模拟与实验结果的对比[54]

    Figure  10.  Adiabatic simulations of hydrogen-rich methane explosion overpressure at different hydrogen addition ratios compared with experimental results[54]

    图  11  不同当量比氢气添加对关键自由基的影响[34]

    Figure  11.  Effect of hydrogen addition with different equivalence ratios on key free radicals[34]

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-09-15
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