改性煤矸石-海藻酸钠粉体对管道内甲烷/空气爆炸的抑爆实验

杨克 李雪瑞 纪虹 郑凯 邢志祥 蒋军成

杨克, 李雪瑞, 纪虹, 郑凯, 邢志祥, 蒋军成. 改性煤矸石-海藻酸钠粉体对管道内甲烷/空气爆炸的抑爆实验[J]. 爆炸与冲击. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0399
引用本文: 杨克, 李雪瑞, 纪虹, 郑凯, 邢志祥, 蒋军成. 改性煤矸石-海藻酸钠粉体对管道内甲烷/空气爆炸的抑爆实验[J]. 爆炸与冲击. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0399
YANG Ke, LI Xuerui, JI Hong, ZHENG Kai, XING Zhixiang, JIANG Juncheng. Experimental on suppression of methane/air explosion in pipeline by modified coal gangue-sodium alginate powder[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0399
Citation: YANG Ke, LI Xuerui, JI Hong, ZHENG Kai, XING Zhixiang, JIANG Juncheng. Experimental on suppression of methane/air explosion in pipeline by modified coal gangue-sodium alginate powder[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0399

改性煤矸石-海藻酸钠粉体对管道内甲烷/空气爆炸的抑爆实验

doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0399
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51704041,21927815,52204204,51574046);江苏省自然科学基金(BK20140264, BK20150269);常州市科技支撑计划项目(社会发展)(CE20235039)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨 克(1982- ),男,博士,副教授,yangke728@163.com

  • 中图分类号: O389; X932

Experimental on suppression of methane/air explosion in pipeline by modified coal gangue-sodium alginate powder

  • 摘要: 以工业固废煤矸石(coal gangue,CG)为原料,通过焙烧、酸碱激发和物理研磨等方法对其进行改性,得到一种表面粗糙、比表面积较大的微孔改性煤矸石(modified coal gangue,MCG)材料。以MCG作为基体,采用机械化学技术将一种新型阻燃剂海藻酸钠(sodium alginate,SA)与MCG进行复配,制备出一种高效、环保、经济的改性煤矸石-海藻酸钠(MCG-SA)粉体抑爆剂。运用热重分析仪、扫描电子显微镜、X射线衍射分别对上述3种粉体进行表征,以确定其热分解特性、微观形貌和晶相成分。在自行搭建试验平台的基础上探究了MCG、SA及其复合粉体在不同复配比、不同添加质量条件下对甲烷-空气预混气体的爆炸压力、火焰传播速度等特性参数的影响。研究结果表明:MCG、SA及MCG-SA粉体具有良好的抑爆效果,且复合粉体的抑爆能力优于单一粉体。其中,质量为250 mg、SA质量分数为50%的复合粉末对甲烷体积分数为9.5%的甲烷/空气爆炸的协同抑制效果最显著,最大爆炸压力和最大火焰传播速度分别降低36.72%和68.93%,最大爆炸压力和最大火焰传播速度的抵达时间分别延长243.36%和171.33%。
  • 图  1  材料制备工艺

    Figure  1.  Material preparation process

    图  2  TG曲线

    Figure  2.  TG curves

    图  3  DTG曲线

    Figure  3.  DTG curves

    图  4  样品的XRD谱

    Figure  4.  XRD pattern of the sample

    图  5  样品的SEM图像

    Figure  5.  SEM images of the sample

    图  6  爆炸实验平台

    Figure  6.  Explosion test platform

    图  7  不同质量粉体抑制剂对vmax的影响

    Figure  7.  Effect of different quality powder inhibitors on vmax

    图  8  不同组分粉体抑制剂火焰图像对比

    Figure  8.  Comparison of flame images of different components of powder inhibitors

    图  9  不同抑制剂对火焰速度的抑制效果

    Figure  9.  Inhibition effect of different inhibitors on flame velocity

    图  10  250 mg下不同抑制剂对vmaxtf,max的影响

    Figure  10.  Effects of different inhibitors on vmax and tf,max at 250 mg

    图  11  不同质量复合粉体对火焰速度的影响

    Figure  11.  Effect of composite powder with different quality on flame velocity

    图  12  不同质量复合粉体对vmaxtm,max的影响(wSA=50%)

    Figure  12.  Effect of composite powder with different mass on vmax and tm,max (wSA=50%)

    图  13  不同抑制剂对爆炸压力的影响

    Figure  13.  Effect of different inhibitors on explosion pressure

    图  14  不同质量复合粉体对爆炸压力的影响

    Figure  14.  Effect of composite powder with different quality on explosion pressure

    图  15  不同质量复合粉体对pmaxtp,max的影响

    Figure  15.  Effects of composite powders of different qualities on pmax and tp,max

    图  16  抑爆机理

    Figure  16.  Explosion suppression mechanism

    表  1  CG的组成

    Table  1.   Composition of CG %

    SiO2 Al2O3 SO3 Fe2O3 CaO K2O MgO Others
    43.33 24.57 14.24 10.68 4.15 0.09 0.57 2.37
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同抑制剂对pmaxtp,max的影响

    Table  2.   Effects of different inhibitors on pmax and tp,max

    粉体类型 喷粉质量/mg pmax/kPa 下降率/% tp,max/s 上升率/%
    无粉体 0 782.2 0.113
    MCG 250 682.1 12.80 0.168 48.67
    SA 250 623.2 20.33 0.225 99.12
    MCG-SA,wSA=30% 250 613.4 21.58 0.279 146.90
    MCG-SA,wSA=40% 250 558.1 28.65 0.337 198.23
    MCG-SA,wSA=50% 250 495.0 36.72 0.388 243.36
    MCG-SA,wSA=60% 250 635.1 18.81 0.221 95.58
    MCG-SA,wSA=70% 250 651.5 16.71 0.214 89.38
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-02
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-20
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-11

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