地聚物超高性能混凝土复合板抗接触爆炸试验与数值模拟

曾浩 袁鹏程 杨婷 徐慎春 吴成清

曾浩, 袁鹏程, 杨婷, 徐慎春, 吴成清. 地聚物超高性能混凝土复合板抗接触爆炸试验与数值模拟[J]. 爆炸与冲击. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0432
引用本文: 曾浩, 袁鹏程, 杨婷, 徐慎春, 吴成清. 地聚物超高性能混凝土复合板抗接触爆炸试验与数值模拟[J]. 爆炸与冲击. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0432
ZENG Hao, YUAN Pengcheng, YANG Ting, XU Shenchun, WU Chengqing. Experimental and numerical study of G-UHPC composite slab against contact blast[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0432
Citation: ZENG Hao, YUAN Pengcheng, YANG Ting, XU Shenchun, WU Chengqing. Experimental and numerical study of G-UHPC composite slab against contact blast[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0432

地聚物超高性能混凝土复合板抗接触爆炸试验与数值模拟

doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0432
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51908155); 广州市科技计划项目(202102020565)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    曾 浩(1997- ),男,硕士研究生,2112116042@e.gzhu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    徐慎春(1986- ),男,博士,讲师,shenchun_xu@gzhu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: O382.2; TU352.1

Experimental and numerical study of G-UHPC composite slab against contact blast

  • 摘要: 为提升工程结构的抗爆安全性,同时降低水泥基超高性能混凝土高水泥用量对环境的不利影响,提出了一种基于地聚物超高性能混凝土的新型复合板,通过现场爆炸试验和数值模拟研究了该复合板在接触爆炸荷载作用下的动态响应与破坏机理。共测试了1块普通混凝土板和3块地聚物超高性能混凝土复合板,其中地聚物超高性能混凝土复合板由地聚物超高性能混凝土、钢丝网和吸能层制备而成。研究结果表明:采用地聚物超高性能混凝土代替普通混凝土能够有效提升混凝土板的抗爆性能;吸能层材料的高可压缩性和低抗剪强度是造成冲切破坏的主要原因;随着聚氨酯泡沫板层数的增加,复合板的爆坑深度增加,板底跨中位移增大;对复合板进行抗爆设计时,必须考虑吸能泡沫材料的可压缩性及其与地聚物超高性能混凝土之间的波阻抗匹配问题,才能有效提升复合板的抗爆性能。
  • 图  1  G-UHPC和C40混凝土的应力-应变曲线

    Figure  1.  Stress-strain relationships of G-UHPC and C40 concrete

    图  2  蜂窝铝板示意图(单位:mm)

    Figure  2.  Diagram of aluminum honeycomb plate(unit: mm)

    图  3  蜂窝铝的应力-应变曲线和吸能效率-应变曲线

    Figure  3.  Stress-strain and energy-absorbing efficiency-strain curves of HAP

    图  4  聚氨酯泡沫板

    Figure  4.  Polyurethane foam plates

    图  5  聚氨酯泡沫的应力-应变曲线和吸能效率-应变曲线

    Figure  5.  Stress-strain and energy-absorbing efficiency-strain curves of PFP

    图  6  试件构造详图(单位:mm)

    Figure  6.  Detail of specimen structure (unit: mm)

    图  7  接触爆炸试验布局(单位:mm)

    Figure  7.  Contact blast test layout (unit: mm)

    图  8  0.2 kg条形TNT炸药示意图(单位:mm)

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of 0.2 kg TNT (unit: mm)

    图  9  有限元模型

    Figure  9.  Finite element model

    图  10  不同网格尺寸下板底的跨中位移

    Figure  10.  Plate bottom mid-span displacement under different grid sizes

    图  11  试件NC的破坏形态

    Figure  11.  Failure modes of specimen NC

    图  12  试件G-10S的破坏形态

    Figure  12.  Failure modes of specimen G-10S

    图  13  试件G-4P的破坏形态

    Figure  13.  Failure modes of specimen G-4P

    图  14  爆炸波在混凝土板中传播示意图

    Figure  14.  Schematic diagrams of explosion wave propagation in concrete slab

    图  15  试件G-2A2P的破坏形态

    Figure  15.  Failure modes of specimen G-2A2P

    图  16  试件NC、G-UHPC、NC-10S、G-10S的破坏模式(单位:mm)

    Figure  16.  Failure modes of specimens NC, G-UHPC, NC-10S, and G-10S (unit: mm)

    图  17  试件G-4P的爆炸应力波传播过程

    Figure  17.  Processes of explosion stress wave propagation in specimen G-4P

    图  18  数值模拟得到的试件G-4P和G-2A2P的破坏过程

    Figure  18.  Numerical simulated failure processes of G-4P and G-2A2P

    图  19  吸能材料布置不同时试件的破坏形态

    Figure  19.  Failure modes of specimens with different energy-absorbing materials arrangements

    图  20  试件的爆坑深度

    Figure  20.  Crater depths of specimens

    图  21  试件跨中位移时程曲线

    Figure  21.  Time-history of mid-span displacement of specimens

    图  22  吸能层的能量时程曲线

    Figure  22.  Energy-history curves of the absorbing layer

    表  1  高炉矿渣、F级粉煤灰和硅灰的化学成分(质量分数)

    Table  1.   Chemical composition of blast furnace slag, F grade fly ash and silica fume (mass fraction)

    %
    材料 CaO SiO2 Al2O3 MgO K2O Fe2O3 Na2O SO3 其他成分 LOI
    矿渣 43.739 25.318 13.076 7.539 0.343 0.362 0.401 2.373 6.485 1.40
    粉煤灰 11.02 52.87 22.14 4.23 2.90 4.23 0.96 0.08 2.05 1.24
    硅灰 0.3 94.7 1.2 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.3 3.45
     注:LOI指在材料在1000℃时的烧失量。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  G-UHPC的配合比

    Table  2.   Mix ratio of G-UHPC

    矿渣 粉煤灰 硅灰 细砂 中砂 氢氧化钠 硅酸钠溶液
    1.000 0.100 0.160 0.602 0.458 0.0743 0.312 0.384
     注:表中数据为各组分的质量比,细砂的粒径范围为5.2 μm~0.212 mm,中砂的粒径范围为0.212~0.830 mm。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  3003级铝合金的力学性能参数

    Table  3.   Mechanical properties of 3003 grade aluminum alloy

    屈服强度/MPa 杨氏模量/GPa 泊松比 剪切模量/GPa
    175 69 0.3 25.9
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  铝蜂窝芯的几何参数与平台应力

    Table  4.   Geometrical parameters and platform stress of aluminum honeycomb

    材料 边长/mm 胞元长度/mm 壁厚/mm 平台应力/MPa
    3003级铝合金 5 8.7 0.06 0.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  聚氨酯泡沫材料性能

    Table  5.   Material properties of polyurethane foam plates

    密度/(kg·m−3) 压实应变 屈服应变 平台应力/MPa
    70 0.64 0.082 0.59
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  钢筋和钢丝网的材料性能参数

    Table  6.   Material parameters of steel bar and wire mesh

    材料 密度/(kg·m−3 泊松比 屈服强度/MPa 抗拉强度/MPa 弹性模量/GPa
    钢筋 7850 0.28 428.3 615.8 208
    钢丝网 7850 0.28 800 1400 205
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  接触爆炸试验工况

    Table  7.   Contact explosion test conditions

    序号 试件编号 材料 TNT装药量/kg
    1 NC 普通混凝土板 0.4
    2 G-10S 10层钢丝网(SWM)增强G-UHPC板
    3 G-4P 4层聚氨酯泡沫板(PFP)增强G-UHPC板
    4 G-2A2P 2层蜂窝铝板(HAP)+2层聚氨酯泡沫板(PFP)增强G-UHPC板
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  接触爆炸下高强钢纤维混凝土板的破坏模式[30]

    Table  8.   Failure modes of high strength steel fiber reinforced concrete slab under contact explosion[30]

    破坏模式 破坏图像 特点
    爆炸成坑 在爆炸处形成爆炸坑,其他部分无宏观破坏现象,板背面无可视裂纹,锤击实声。
    临界震塌 爆炸处不仅形成爆炸坑,在背面爆心投影点附近可以看到放射状微小裂纹,锤击实声。
    爆炸震塌 爆炸坑加重,以背面爆心投影点为中心出现严重的震塌破坏,有环形裂缝,裂缝边有掉块。
    临界贯穿 爆坑和震塌相互搭接,清理前看不到贯穿孔,但可看到贯穿孔被混凝土碎片堵住,清理后爆坑与震塌坑贯穿。
    爆炸贯穿 迎爆面爆坑和背爆面震塌相互贯通,在不清理的情况下贯穿口无任何混凝土碎片残留。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  试验和数值模拟结果汇总

    Table  9.   Summary of experimental and numerical results

    研究方式 试件编号 爆坑直径/mm 爆坑深度/mm 剥落直径/mm 剥落深度/mm 破坏模式
    试验 NC 357.5 85 667.5 100 临界贯穿
    G-10S 327.5 30 675.0 10 爆炸震塌
    G-4P 311.3 120 377.5 80 爆炸贯穿
    G-2A2P 311.3 55 0 0 临界震塌
    模拟 NC 256.4 80 670.8 120 临界贯穿
    G-UHPC 220.3 55 663.2 120 爆炸震塌
    G-10S 286.6 38 678.5 100 爆炸震塌
    NC-10S 301.2 60 766.2 107 爆炸震塌
    G-4P 353.2 99 390.9 101 爆炸贯穿
    G-2A2P 321.9 62 0 0 临界震塌
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  10  数值模拟参数分析说明

    Table  10.   Description of numerical simulation parameter analysis

    布置顺序(由上往下) 试件编号 备注
    PFP-HAP G-1P3A 1层泡沫板+3层铝板增强G-UHPC板
    G-2P2A 2层泡沫板+2层铝板增强G-UHPC板
    G-3P1A 3层泡沫板+1层铝板增强G-UHPC板
    G-4P 4层泡沫板增强G-UHPC板
    HAP-PFP G-1A3P 1层铝板+3层泡沫板增强G-UHPC板
    G-2A2P 2层铝板+2层泡沫板增强G-UHPC板
    G-3A1P 3层铝板+1层泡沫板增强G-UHPC板
    G-4A 4层铝板增强G-UHPC板
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-30
  • 修回日期:  2024-03-18
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