颗粒群冲击诱导光伏电池性能衰减的特性与机理

王易航 吴先前 黄晨光

王易航, 吴先前, 黄晨光. 颗粒群冲击诱导光伏电池性能衰减的特性与机理[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2024, 44(1): 015901. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0020
引用本文: 王易航, 吴先前, 黄晨光. 颗粒群冲击诱导光伏电池性能衰减的特性与机理[J]. 爆炸与冲击, 2024, 44(1): 015901. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0020
WANG Yihang, WU Xianqian, HUANG Chenguang. Performance deterioration behavior of photovoltaic cells subjected to massive-particles impact environment[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2024, 44(1): 015901. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0020
Citation: WANG Yihang, WU Xianqian, HUANG Chenguang. Performance deterioration behavior of photovoltaic cells subjected to massive-particles impact environment[J]. Explosion And Shock Waves, 2024, 44(1): 015901. doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0020

颗粒群冲击诱导光伏电池性能衰减的特性与机理

doi: 10.11883/bzycj-2023-0020
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王易航(1997- ),男,硕士,wyhang@mail.ustc.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    吴先前(1982- ),男,博士,副研究员,wuxianqian@imech.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: O341

Performance deterioration behavior of photovoltaic cells subjected to massive-particles impact environment

  • 摘要: 光伏电池由于具有较高的光电转化效率,在沙漠等太阳能充足的地方被广泛应用。但在沙尘长期冲击的环境下,光伏电池内部结构易出现累积损伤,使光电转化效率大幅降低。因此,研究颗粒群冲击条件下光伏电池的力-电行为具有重要意义。基于分离式霍普金森压杆,发展了一种驱动较大尺寸颗粒群高速冲击的实验方法,并系统测量了不同冲击条件下,多晶硅光伏电池的损伤行为与光电转化性能衰减规律。研究结果表明,随着颗粒直径、冲击速度和数密度的增加,光伏电池的光电转换效率快速降低;颗粒冲击后光伏电池表现出三种典型的损伤模式,并给出了对应的应力阈值条件。基于实验测试结果,发展了多晶硅光伏电池颗粒群冲击损伤诱导光电转化性能退化模型,为沙砾冲击环境下光伏电池光电性能衰减规律提供了有效的预测方法。
  • 图  1  多晶硅光伏电池结构示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of a polysilicon photovoltaic cell

    图  2  颗粒群冲击实验示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of massive-particles impacting photovoltaic cells

    图  3  颗粒冲击光伏电池过程(颗粒数N=15,冲击速度v=65 m/s,粒径d=3 mm)

    Figure  3.  Impact history of particles on the photovoltaic cell (N=15, v=65 m/s, d=3 mm)

    图  4  光伏电池损伤表征

    Figure  4.  Damage characterization of photovoltaic cells

    图  5  I-V光电测试电路图

    Figure  5.  I-V test circuit diagram

    图  6  光伏电池受冲击前后的典型电输出曲线

    Figure  6.  Typical electrical output curves of photovoltaic cells before and after impact by massive particles

    图  7  光电转化效率衰减与小颗粒冲击速度关系(实验数据、DPPD模型拟合结果)

    Figure  7.  Photovoltaic cell damage characterization versus particle impact velocity (experimental data and DPPD model fitting results)

    表  1  光伏电池冲击前后光电测试结果

    Table  1.   Light-electricity conversion performance of the photovoltaic cells before and after impact

    测试编号 颗粒直径/mm 冲击速度m/s 颗粒数 输出功率变化/% 光电转化效率/% 损伤特征
    1 3 0 0 0 19.0 完好
    2 3 30 5 0 19.0 完好
    3 3 40 5 −0.8 18.8 微裂纹
    4 3 45 5 −3.2 18.4 微裂纹
    5 3 55 5 −6.1 17.8 明显断裂
    6 3 45 1 −0.8 18.8 微裂纹
    7 3 55 1 −1.4 18.7 明显断裂
    8 3 65 1 −2.2 18.6 分层脱胶
    9 3 65 10 −22.2 14.7 分层脱胶
    10 3 65 15 −30.0 13.3 分层脱胶
    11 2 65 10 −0.1 19.0 微裂纹
    12 2 87 10 −9.9 17.2 明显断裂
    13 2 122 10 −27.0 13.9 分层脱胶
    14 2 84 15 −12.3 16.7 明显断裂
    15 2 128 15 −36.0 12.3 分层脱胶
    16 1 128 100 −2.3 19.0 完好
    17 3 45 5 −12.5 16.6 明显断裂
    2 87 10
    18 3 65 10 −23.0 14.6 分层脱胶
    2
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-28
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-04
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-10-13
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-11

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